India’s ranking in Global Hunger Index 2022 is 107 (slipped from the 2021 index of 101) out of 121 countries. The index is jointly released by Concern Worldwide and Welthungerhilfe every October. The Hunger Index measures countries’ performance on four component indicators – undernourishment, child wasting, child stunting and child mortality. Read about the key findings of Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2022, 2021, 2020, 2019 and India’s rankings for the IAS Exam.
The 2022 Global Hunger Index is the 17th edition of the Hunger Index (since 2006).
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What is the Global Hunger Index?
The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is a tool for comprehensively measuring and tracking hunger at global, regional, and national levels. The Global Hunger Index aims to track hunger at the world, regional and country levels. GHI scores are based on the values of four component indicators:
Global Hunger Index Scoring
GHI ranks countries on a 100 point scale, 0 representing zero/no hunger. The GHI scores are based on four indicators. Taken together, the component indicators reflect deficiencies in calories as well as in micronutrients. Thus, the GHI reflects both aspects of hunger (undernutrition and malnutrition).
- UNDERNOURISHMENT: the share of the population whose caloric intake is insufficient.
- CHILD STUNTING: the share of children under the age of five who have low height for their age.
- CHILD WASTING: the share of children under the age of five who have low weight for their height.
- CHILD MORTALITY: the mortality rate of children under the age of five (a reflection of the fatal mix of inadequate nutrition and unhealthy environments).
Global Hunger Index Reportis an annual report (peer-reviewed) published by Concern Worldwide of Ireland and Welthungerhilfe (a German non-profit organization).
- Concern Worldwideis an international humanitarian organisation dedicated to tackling poverty and suffering in the world’s poorest countries.
- Welthungerhilfeis one of the largest private aid organisations in Germany, independent of politics and religion.
Global Hunger Index 2022
- Global Progress in GHI 2022 is stagnant – Globally, the progress against hunger has largely stagnated in recent years, with aglobal score of 18.2 in 2022as compared to 19.1 in 2014, there is only a slight improvement. However, the 2022 GHI score is still considered“moderate”.
- Causes for stagnation in this progress –
- Conflicts among countries,
- Climate change,
- Theeconomic fallout of the Covid-19 pandemic
- Russia-Ukraine war, which has increased global food, fuel, and fertiliser pricesand is expected to “worsen hunger in 2023 and beyond.
- Top performers in GHI 2022 –Belarus, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Chile, China and Croatiaare the top five countries in GHI 2022.
- Worst Performers in GHI 2022 –Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Madagascar, Central African Republic and Yemenare the countries ranked at the bottom of the index.
- As per the data, there are 44 countries that currently have “serious” or “alarming” hunger levels.
India’s Performance in Global Hunger Index 2022
India ranks 107th out of 121 countries in the GHI 2022 rankings. With a score of 29.1, India has a level of hunger that isserious.
- India has slipped 6 positions from its 2021 rank of 101.
- According to the latest data, India has the highest child wasting rate of all countries covered in the GHI.
- India is ranked behind most of its neighbouring countries. Their ranks are given below:
- Pakistan – 99
- Sri Lanka – 64
- Nepal – 81
- Bangladesh – 84
- The only country inSouth Asiathat performs worse than India on the index is Afghanistan with 109th rank.
- India has seen improvement in child stunting and child mortality between 2014 and 2022:
- Child stuntinghas declined from38.7%to35.5%.
- Child mortalityhas also dropped from4.6%to3.3%.
- India performance in undernourishment – Prevalence of undernourishment has also risen in the country from14.6% in 2018-2020 to 16.3% in 2019-2021.
- It implies that224.3 million people in India (out of 828 million globally)are considered undernourished.
- India performance in child wasting – India’schild wasting rate (low weight for height), at 19.3%, is worse than the levels recorded in 2014(15.1%) and even 2000 (17.15%).
Image source: https://www.globalhungerindex.org/
Government of India’s Response to India’s GHI 2022 Ranking
The Union Ministry of Women and Child Development issued a criticism of the latest GHI ranking (2022) in which India’s rank was lowered to 107, saying that, ‘consistent effort is yet again visible to taint India’s image as a Nation that does not fulfill the food security and nutritional requirements of its population’.
- The government said that the index is an erroneous measure of hunger and suffers from serious methodological issues. The report is not only disconnected from ground reality but also chooses to deliberately ignore efforts made by the Government to ensure food Security for the population, especially during the Covid Pandemic.
Measures by Government to eradicate hunger or malnutrition –
- Eat Right India movement by Food Safety and Security Authority of India – FASSAI.
- Poshan Abhiyan also known as National Nutrition Mission.
- Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana – a flagship maternity benefits programme of the Government of India. Cash benefits are provided to pregnant women in their bank account directly to meet enhanced nutritional needs and partially compensate for wage loss.
- National Food Security Act (NFSA) 2013 – the Act covers almost two-thirds of the population in order to provide them with heavily subsidised foodgrains. The National Food Security Act of 2013 (NFSA) is being implemented throughout all of India’s States and UTs.
Global Hunger Index 2021
India ranks 101st out of 116 countries in the GHI 2021 rankings.With a score of 27.5, India has a level of hunger that is ‘serious’.
- India has slipped 7 positions from its 2020 rank of 94.
- India is ranked behind most of its neighbouring countries. Their ranks are given below:
- Pakistan – 92
- Sri Lanka – 65
- Nepal – 76
- Bangladesh – 76
- There are only 15 countries that are ranked below India in the 2021 index.
- According to the latest data, India has the highest rate of child wasting among all the countries in the index.
- However, India has shown improvement in other indicators such as the under-5 mortality rate, prevalence of stunting among children and prevalence of undernourishment owing to inadequate food.
Government of India’s Response to India’s GHI 2021 Ranking
The Union Ministry of Women and Child Development issued a criticism of the latest GHI ranking (2021) in which India’s rank was lowered to 101, saying that the agencies did not do their ‘due diligence’ before releasing the report.
- The government has argued that the estimates by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) regarding the proportion of the undernourished population were devoid of “ground reality and facts.”
- It also called the methodology used by FAO “unscientific” and alleged there was no methodology to measure undernourishment.
Read more about this development in CNA dated 18 Oct 2021 under editorial ‘Alarming hunger or statistical artefact’.
Global Hunger Index 2020
- Worldwide hunger is 18.2 (moderate) down from 2000 level of 28.2 (serious)
- How many are undernourished? – Nearly 690 million people
- How many children are suffering from stunting? – 144 million children
- How many children suffer from wasting? – 47 million
- What was the child mortality in 2018? – 5.3 million children died before they turned five.
- Which region has the highest hunger and undernutrition levels – Africa (south of Sahara) and South Asia — Desert Locust, Covid-19 and following economic challenges are factors for food and nutrition insecurity for millions of people but the impact of the pandemic hasn’t been accounted for in 2020 Global Hunger Index.
- Which countries show alarming levels of hunger? – Chad, Timor-Leste and Madagascar
- Sustainable Development Goal of Zero Hunger is difficult to achieve by 2030- Around 37 countries are expected to fall short to even reach low hunger by 2030.
India’s Performance in GHI 2020
- India has a ‘serious’ hunger level.
- India’s score in 2020 GHI is 27.2.
- The ranks of some of India’s neighbours in the 2020 Global Hunger Index are:
- Nepal – 73
- Pakistan – 88
- Bangladesh – 75
- Afghanistan – 99
- India has improved significantly w.r.t the child stunting levels.
- India’s performance on the GHI’s indicators:
- Undernourishment – 14 percent of India’s total population is undernourished.
- Child Wasting – 17.3 percent of children are reported to be wasted.
- Child Stunting – 34.7 percent of children are reported to be stunted which was 54 percent in 2000.
- Child mortality – 3.7 percent of children died before the age of five.
Read about the Important Government Schemes in India at the linked article.
India’s Rank on Global Hunger Index 2018-2021
The table below mentions India’s performance in the last three years in the Global Hunger Index.
Global Hunger Index – India’s Rank
|2021 GHI||101 out of 116|
|2020 GHI||94 out of 107|
|2019 GHI||102 out of 117|
|2018 GHI||103 out of 119|
Global Hunger Index 2019
The Global Hunger Index 2019 report mentioned a rise of 37 million in the number of hungry people as compared to 2015.
Furthermore, the hunger level in multiple countries still hasn’t reduced or has got higher than 2010 and approximately 45 counties are set to fail to achieve ‘low’ levels of hunger by 2030.
- For the year 2019, India has ranked 102nd amongst the 117 that were mapped for the Global Hunger Index.
- With a score of 30.3 on the Hunger Index Scale, India is one of the 47 countries categorized with “Serious” levels of Hunger.
- Compared to the 2018 GHI report where India was ranked 103rd amongst the 119 countries that were mapped, the situation hasn’t improved in the country.
Why is India ranked Serious on the Global Hunger Index?
The Global Hunger Index 2019 report also mentioned that the Child Wasting rate in the country was extremely high at 20.8% which is higher than all other countries.
- The share of wasting among children in India marked a steep rise from 16.5% in the 2008-2012 period to 20.8% in 2014-2018.
- According to the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF), child wasting is a strong predictor of mortality among children (under 5 years of age).
India and Other Countries on the Global Hunger Index
- India is behind every other country except Afghanistan amongst the South Asian countries.
- Indonesia, Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan (in that order) are all ahead of India.
- 17 countries including China, Belarus and Turkey have the top rank in Global Hunger Index 2020, with a score less than 5.
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Multiple Choice Question
Consider the following statements
- The Global Hunger Index (GHI) scores are based on a formula that captures three dimensions of hunger—insufficient caloric intake, child undernutrition, and child mortality
- South Asia and Africa South of the Sahara have the highest regional 2019 GHI scores in the world, at 29.3 and 28.4, respectively. These scores indicate serious levels of hunger according to the GHI Severity Scale.
- In Africa South of the Sahara, the region’s high GHI score is driven up by its undernourishment and child mortality rates, which are the highest of any region,while its child stunting rate is nearly as high as that of South Asia.
- Recent studies show that higher CO2 concentrations reduce the protein, zinc, and iron content of crops.
Choose the correct answer from the below-given options
A) None of the above-given statements are true.
B) All the above-given statements are true.
C) Only options 1 and 4 are true.
D) Only options 1 and 3 are true.
Frequently Asked Questions on Global Hunger Index
Who releases the Global Hunger Index?
The Global Hunger Index is jointly published by Concern Worldwide and Welthungerhilfe
Which are the least hungry countries in the World as per the latest Global Hunger Index?
Eighteen countries, including China, Brazil and Kuwait, shared the top rank with GHI score of less than five in 2021.
Which countries are facing ‘extremely alarming’ level of hunger as per Global Hunger Index 2021?
Africa South of the Sahara and South Asia are the world regions where hunger levels are highest. Hunger in both regions is considered serious.Somalia suffers from an extremely alarming level of hunger, 5 have levels of hunger that are alarming—Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Madagascar, and Yemen—and 31 countries have serious levels of hunger.
Global Hunger Index 2021:- Download PDF Here
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After steadily declining for a decade, world hunger is on the rise, affecting nearly 10% of people globally. From 2019 to 2022, the number of undernourished people grew by as many as 150 million, a crisis driven largely by conflict, climate change, and the COVID-19 pandemic.What is the global hunger index score for 2022? ›
Global progress against hunger has largely stagnated in recent years. The 2022 GHI score for the world is considered moderate, but at 18.2, it shows only a slight decline from the 2014 score of 19.1.What is Global Hunger Index report? ›
The global hunger index is a means of monitoring whether countries are achieving hunger-related SDGs. It can be used for international ranking.Which country has the highest hunger rate? ›
The number of hungry people around the world has shot up from 282 million to around 345 million since the beginning of 2022, and by mid-year, WFP had reached just over 111 million in need, aiming to reach a record 153 million by year's end.How many people are starving in the US 2022? ›
Facts about hunger in America
According to the USDA, more than 34 million people, including 9 million children, in the United States are food insecure.
A country's GHI score is calculated by averaging the percentage of the population that is undernourished, the percentage of children younger than five years of age who are underweight, and the percentage of children who die before the age of five.How do you read the global hunger index? ›
GHI ranks countries on a 100 point scale, 0 representing zero/no hunger. The GHI scores are based on four indicators. Taken together, the component indicators reflect deficiencies in calories as well as in micronutrients. Thus, the GHI reflects both aspects of hunger (undernutrition and malnutrition).How do you measure world hunger? ›
The Food and Agriculture Organization measures hunger by combining aggregate Food Balance Sheets (FBS) for every country with selected household survey estimates of the inter-household variance in calorie availability.What is the hunger rate in America? ›
Nationwide, more than 33 million people, including five million children, are food insecure, according to the USDA. No community is spared, with rural areas, families with children and communities of color disproportionately affected.
|Rank in 2022||Country||2022|
|Rank in 2022 1-171||Country Chile||2022 <5|
|Rank in 2022 1-171||Country China||2022 <5|
|Rank in 2022 1-171||Country Croatia||2022 <5|
|Rank in 2022 1-171||Country Estonia||2022 <5|
According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, 10.4 percent of American households experienced hunger in 2021. These states have the highest percentages of American households who experienced hunger: Mississippi, Arkansas, Louisiana, West Virginia, Oklahoma, Texas, Alabama, South Carolina, Kentucky, and Missouri.What country has the least food? ›
Ranked as the hungriest country in 2020, Chad is frequently at the bottom of the Global Hunger Index.Which country has food shortage? ›
Ethiopia, Nigeria, South Sudan and Yemen are “hunger hotspots” facing catastrophic conditions, according to the latest report by the World Food Programme (WFP) and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).Is the US in a food shortage? ›
Q: Will there be food shortages? A: There are currently no nationwide shortages of food, although in some cases the inventory of certain foods at your grocery store might be temporarily low before stores can restock.What is the #1 cause of hunger on the planet? ›
Poverty. Poverty is the greatest cause of hunger around the world – in both higher-wealth and low- to middle-income countries. Most people who are hungry live in extreme poverty, defined as income of $2.15 per day or less.What year will world hunger end? ›
How close are we to ending world hunger? Seven years after world leaders committed to end hunger by 2030, the crisis is heading in the wrong direction. The UN reports that 150 million more people are affected by hunger since the start of the global pandemic.How many people go hungry each day in the US? ›
Our stomachs are full, and we are content. Over 34 million Americans face hunger each and every day including 1 in 8 children. If we think about hunger as most of us experience it, as a temporary sensation, the solution to this problem is straightforward: we just need to get more food to people who don't have enough.Who is most likely to be hungry in the US? ›
Facts about child hunger in America
That's 1 in 8 kids at risk for hunger. Black and Latino children are more likely to face hunger than white children because of systemic racial injustice. According to the USDA, in 2021, 22% of Black children were food insecure, and 18.5% of Latino children were food insecure.
Food insecurity and hunger are economic issues. The most common cause of food insecurity is a lower income. Making ends meet with a lower income is more difficult if you are unemployed or employed in low-wage work, experience a financial emergency, have limited savings, and rent rather than own your home.
- Group food items in the specified food groups (condiments not included)
- Sum all the consumption frequencies of food items within the same group.
- Multiply the value of each food group by its weight (see table)
- Sum the weighted food group scores to obtain FCS.
dividing the amount of a nutrient in a serving size by its daily value, then. multiplying that number by 100.What factors make up the hunger index? ›
- Poverty. Poverty and hunger go hand in hand. ...
- Food shortages. Across regions like the Sahel and the Horn of Africa, farming families experience periods before harvests known as “hungry seasons.” ...
- War and conflict. ...
- Climate change. ...
- Poor nutrition. ...
- Poor public policy. ...
- Poor economy.
- Stomach hunger (physical or medical necessity to eat)
- Mouth hunger (craving related to the senses)
- Heart hunger (emotional trigger or learned behavior)
The index score comprises of four key hunger indicators:prevalence of undernourishment; childhood wasting;childhood stunting; and child mortality. It is measured on a100-point scale where 0 is the best score (no hunger) and100 the worst.Do we have enough food to solve world hunger? ›
However, global food production is incredibly efficient. The world's farmers produce enough food to feed 1.5x the global population. That's enough to feed 10 billion (we are at 7.6 billion currently). Despite this excess, hunger still exists.Is Feeding America in all 50 states? ›
The Feeding America Network
Together, we are the nation's largest domestic hunger-relief organization. When you contribute to Feeding America, you are joining our efforts in nearly every community in all 50 states, Washington D.C., and Puerto Rico.
Survey: Over 92% of Americans Can't Afford Groceries and 50% Report a Decline in Health.How many Americans are homeless and hungry? ›
The running issue of hunger and homelessness in America won't go away without your help. With over 38 million food insecure Americans and 11 million food insecure children, it's important to take as much action as we can to fight hunger.What are the 7 types of hunger? ›
- Eye Hunger. ...
- Nose Hunger. ...
- Mouth Hunger. ...
- Stomach Hunger. ...
- Cellular Hunger. ...
- Mind Hunger. ...
- Heart Hunger.
- Emotional Eater. This person tends to eat when they're happy, others when they're sad or stressed. ...
- Unconscious Eater. ...
- Habitual Eater. ...
- Critical Eaters. ...
- Sensual Eater. ...
- Energy Eater.
- Potato Chips.
- Ice Cream.
- Chicken Tenders.
- Soft Drinks/Soda.
- Oreo Cookies.
- French Fries.
The leading U.S. agricultural exports are grains and feeds, soybeans, livestock products, tree nuts, fruits, vegetables, and other horticultural products. The leading U.S. imports are horticultural and tropical products. Canada, Mexico, the European Union, and East Asia are major U.S. trade partners.Which country has the cleanest food? ›
Sweden. Sweden is one of the healthiest cultures in the world with some of the best-tasting food. Likewise, it also maintains an unrivaled healthcare system. Similar to the Mediterranean diet, the Nordic Diet emphasizes seasonal, local foods such as herring, bilberries (cousin of blueberries), and rapeseed oil (canola) ...What is the least liked food in America? ›
The most hated food in the US is Olives, being named the worst by 13 states. Anchovies are also unpopular, with 12 states saying it's the worst food. There are only 10 foods collectively despised by different states: olives, anchovies, eggplant, beets, turkey bacon, bologna, sushi, well-done steak, carrots and pickles.What country has the safest food? ›
|Rank (113 countries)||Overall score||Quality and Safety|
Canned foods, pet food and beer may be in short supply due to a widespread aluminum shortage. Lettuce crops and orange groves were affected by plant viruses. One major producer of lettuce lost 80% of their crop in 2022.What country has the best food supply? ›
- China. China is the world's biggest producer, importer, and consumer of food. ...
- India. In terms of total calorie content, India is the second-largest food producer in the world. ...
- The United States. ...
Food insecurity rates are highest for single-mother households and households with incomes below the poverty line. In 2021, 32.1 percent of households with incomes below the Federal poverty line were food insecure. Food-insecure households include those with low food security and very low food security.
World hunger is worsening at an unprecedented rate. The number of people suffering from chronic hunger worldwide has climbed to 811 million as of 2022. Approximately 50 million people are facing emergency levels of hunger across 45 countries.Is there a global food shortage 2022? ›
Moreover, almost 33 percent of the population of the IFSA countries is considered food insecure in 2022. While food security is estimated to have deteriorated in most countries in 2022, the magnitude varies across regions.Is there a global food crisis 2022? ›
Food commodity prices at the start of 2022 were at a 10-year high, and fuel prices at a seven-year high. Rising prices deepen the challenges for those barely able to pay for food in normal times, a problem that has been much amplified by the war in Ukraine, which acts as the world's 'breadbasket'.How much would it cost to End World Hunger 2022? ›
How much money could help end world hunger? Current estimates suggest that as of this year, we need donor governments to invest around $37 billion every year until 2030 to tackle both extreme and chronic hunger.Is there a food shortage in USA? ›
Q: Will there be food shortages? A: There are currently no nationwide shortages of food, although in some cases the inventory of certain foods at your grocery store might be temporarily low before stores can restock.Is there enough food to feed everyone? ›
There is enough food for everyone.
Rather, it is a problem of efficiency. We can see this throughout the production and consumption process, beginning with how land is used.
The U.N. World Food Programme feeds over 100 million of the hungriest people each year. We need $7 billion dollars to deliver food the millions of people facing famine this year. We need $40 billion dollars per year to feed all of the world's hungry people and end global hunger by 2030.What foods will be in shortage soon? ›
- Cereal, bread and flour.
- Prescription medications.
- Tomato products.
- Cement and concrete.
- Olive oil.
This includes 750,000 people already facing famine conditions in Ethiopia, Yemen, South Sudan, Somalia, and Afghanistan. Conflict remains the key driver of hunger around the world.What is causing the food crisis 2022? ›
High fertilizer prices could turn the current food affordability crisis into a food availability crisis, with production of maize, rice, soybean and wheat all falling in 2022. Costs are also at an all-time high: WFP's monthly operating costs are US$73.6 million above their 2019 average – a staggering 44 percent rise.
China and India produce more household food waste than any other country worldwide at an estimated 92 million and 69 million metric tons every year, respectively.What caused global food crisis 2022? ›
He talks about how COVID-19 has caused problems with supply chains and imported labour which has affected harvesting the crops in Southeast Asia, alongside existing regional problems related to climate change, famine, and civil war. In developed countries, food availability is there but the cost has risen.Is there enough food to end world hunger? ›
However, global food production is incredibly efficient. The world's farmers produce enough food to feed 1.5x the global population. That's enough to feed 10 billion (we are at 7.6 billion currently). Despite this excess, hunger still exists.How much money do we need to end poverty? ›
For example, updating previous work, I estimate that $95 billion would be enough to eradicate extreme poverty for all the 708 million people in the world living below the international threshold of $1.90 per person per day.Who did Elon Musk donate 6 billion to? ›
Several observers noted that weeks before his donation, Mr. Musk tweeted that he would give $6 billion if the United Nations could prove that money could help solve world hunger. Days afterward, the U.N.'s World Food Program outlined how it would spend $6.6 billion to help avert famine. Mr.